Nothing has changed in terms of how COVID-19 spreads, but the fundamentals still apply. The coronavirus is transmitted by the mist of the respiratory system, such as when someone sneezes or coughs around you. It can also spread if someone who is infected touches their hand with sneezes or coughs, then touches a door handle, light switch and other “high-touch” surfaces.

In this way, Influenza viruses and common cold viruses are also spread. However, now that the virus is spreading fast in Nigeria, certain prevention measures like the well-known idea of social distancing also apply.


This is the number one way to avoid coronavirus, the things you should do to protect yourself from coronavirus are stuff you should do regularly, to do good personal hygiene is the no. 1 thing you can do to prevent respiratory illness.

According to the CDC, washing your hands properly— using soap and water and washing for at least 20 seconds— or using a hand sanitizer when soap and water are not available is still the best way to prevent the spread of infectious diseases.


The CDC, the WHO, the government of Nigeria and health care workers are all encouraging people to stay at home. Many people don’t have the luxury of working from home, so people often need to go out to stores and filling stations. But to flatten the curve, do so when you can stay at home.

If you have to leave the house, follow some basic preventive measures


To limit the spread of Covid-19, the government have introduced preventive measures by banning public gatherings of more than 20 people, school activities, sport, and religious activities have all been suspended. Junior and Mid-level civil servants has been ordered to work from home.  

If your state government has imposed guidelines, you should follow them to the best of your ability.


Apart from the basic disease prevention, a healthy immune system is the best and only real defence against disease. The body is better able to fend off diseases when the immune system is humming, everyone should make an effort to get theirs into an excellent condition.

This is a time to focus on all of the healthy habits you may have put off, begin daily activities and food choices that will support your health and transform them into behaviours that will lead to lifelong health improvement. Get adequate sleep and some fresh air and sunshine daily during this period. Stay hydrated, avoid over-processed foods, and ensure you eat enough micronutrients when you can (try your best for what you can find right now in stores).


You should also take care of your mental health in addition to your physical health. High levels of stress will affect the immune system, which is the opposite of what you want in this situation. If you’re overly anxious about COVID-19, follow a psychotherapist’s advice to keep your emotions calm.